Weather Sunday
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Started by metmike - Oct. 7, 2018, 10:26 a.m.

Already October 7th. Don't let another day go by.   Do something special for somebody to remember today! Seriously, don't just think about it for a it.

 Scroll down and  enjoy the latest comprehensive weather to the max!!

 The latest rain forecasts for the next week are below. Rains have picked up..............excessive amounts are possible for the next 3 days..............this has been known for over a week.......then the pattern changes.

Rains forecast will start shifting into rains measured/fallen and the forecast amounts this week will be dropping fast with the new pattern.

Starting late Tuesday, everything shifts southeastward and picks up speed.

Day 1 below:

Day 2 below:

Day 3 below:

Days 4-5 below:

 Days 6-7 below:

7 Day Total precipitation below:

http://www.wpc.ncep.noaa.govcdx /qpf/p168i.gif?1530796126

By metmike - Oct. 7, 2018, 10:34 a.m.
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Excessive Rain threat

Elevated the next 3 days in a very long, southwest to northeast corridor. Moves quickly southeast, starting late Tuesday. 

Current Day 1 ForecastCurrent Day 1 Excessive Rainfall Forecast

Day 1 Threat Area in Text Format  

Current Day 2 ForecastCurrent Day 2 Excessive Rainfall Forecast

Day 3 forecast below

Current Day 3 Excessive Rainfall Forecast

By metmike - Oct. 7, 2018, 10:48 a.m.
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Severe Storm Risk.

With the pattern change featuring a strong jet stream and upper level wave riding the front, then resulting in surface low development, along with increased frontal convergence, along with unstable air, we have the recipe for organized severe storms. 

The highest threat will be from damaging winds, especially if we get a squall line along the advancing cold front............starting Monday Night, into Wednesday.

Current Day 1 Outlook
        1300 UTC Day 1 Outlook             
          Current Day 2 Outlook
          0600 UTC Day 2 Outlook               
          Current Day 3 Outlook
          0600 UTC Day 3 Outlook               
          Current Day 4-8 Outlook
          Day 4-8 Convective Outlook
By metmike - Oct. 7, 2018, 10:50 a.m.
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High Temperatures today and Monday.

The heat surges north one last time the next 2 days.



By metmike - Oct. 7, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
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Last of the warmth is quickly swept southeastward, starting late Tuesday. Wednesday will feature 1 last very warm day in the East.  

The chilly  air will be moderated but still feature temperatures 30 degrees colder than recent days along the Ohio River.

By metmike - Oct. 7, 2018, 11 a.m.
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How do these days 3-7 temperatures compare to average at this time of year?

 The extreme magnitude of the contrast between cold and warmth weakens greatly as the cold drains out the warmth and it accelerates quickly southeast during the mid week period.

Low Temperature Departures:

By metmike - Oct. 7, 2018, 11:04 a.m.
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Surface features for the same 3-7 day period:

Low pressure winds up in the Great Lakes with a trailing cold front that races the Gulf coast already by early on Thursday. Chilly Canadian high pressure moves in behind it.

By metmike - Oct. 7, 2018, 11:07 a.m.
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Higher dew points will surge a bit farther north still. Extremely dry air in the N.Plains, will start surging south in a couple of days. .

Current Dew Points

By metmike - Oct. 7, 2018, 11:09 a.m.
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Current Surface features:

Frontal zone defining incredible temp contrast. Heavy rains just north of the front.

Current US Surface Weather Map

By metmike - Oct. 7, 2018, 11:12 a.m.
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By metmike - Oct. 7, 2018, 11:12 a.m.
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Satellite picture.

US Infrared Satellite Map

By metmike - Oct. 7, 2018, 11:12 a.m.
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Rains the past 24 hours

By metmike - Oct. 7, 2018, 11:13 a.m.
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You can go to this link to see rain totals from recent time periods:

Go to precipitation, then scroll down to pick a time frame. Hit states to get the borders to see locations better. Under products, you can hit "observed" or "Percent of normal"



By metmike - Oct. 7, 2018, 11:15 a.m.
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Soil moisture anomaly:

Too wet in a large area from one of our wettest Septembers in history......but it's getting even wetter here in early October.

The wet pattern is going to change, starting Wednesday!!!

The 2nd map gets updated once a week.

By metmike - Oct. 7, 2018, 11:18 a.m.
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Rains compared to average for the last 7, 14, 30 and 60 days. 

Usually not updated for previous day until late the next day.

Note how wet it's been over the past 60 days over eastern 2/3rds of the country!

By metmike - Oct. 7, 2018, 11:21 a.m.
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The top map is the Canadian ensemble average, the maps below are the individual members that make up the average

End of week 2....................0Z ensembles from Sunday.  More zonal, west to east flow,  less meridional/extreme.

Each member is like the parent, Canadian model operational model.......with a slight tweek/variation in parameters. Since we know the equations to represent the physics of the atmosphere in the models are not perfect, its useful to vary some of the equations that are uncertain(can make a difference) to see if it effects the outcome and how.

The average of all these variations(ensembles) often yields a better tool for forecasting. It's always more consistent. The individual operational model, like each individual ensemble member can vary greatly from run to run.........and represent an extreme end of the spectrum at times. The ensemble average of all the members, because it averages the extremes.............from opposite ends of the spectrum............changes much less from run to run.

384h GZ 500 forecast valid on Oct 23, 2018 00 UTC

GZ 500 forecastGZ 500 forecastGZ 500 forecastGZ 500 forecast

By metmike - Oct. 7, 2018, 11:28 a.m.
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Temperature Anomalies from GFS ensembles(fairly reliable product) going out 2 weeks. These maps show the Northern Hemisphere. The map of the US is front center. Look for the state borders in  white.

Today:  Southern edge of cold air in Canada in the northern/central Plains back west! Very warm air to the southeast is moving north 1 past time.NCEP Ensemble t = 024 hour forecast product

In 5+ days:

Heat ridge in the Southeast finally gone. Cold has swept southeast.
NCEP Ensemble t = 144 hour forecast product

In 10+ days: Cool air surge has run its course. The last of it moves off the East Coast. New pattern with mostly zonal/mild to warm flow from west to east is in force.
NCEP Ensemble t = 264 hour forecast product

Day 15:  Extreme anomalies completely gone. Mild to warm for mid-October across most of the country.
NCEP Ensemble t = 360 hour forecast product

By metmike - Oct. 7, 2018, 11:31 a.m.
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The low skill, longer range CFS model for weeks 3-4.

Mild to warm Pacific air masses spread across North America in week 3. This would result in lower heating degree days vs average. 

Heating degree days(from cold weather) are replacing cooling degree days(from hot weather) in October.

Check in tomorrow to read something different............."low skill" (-:

Precip below:

By metmike - Oct. 8, 2018, 12:46 a.m.
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National Weather Service 6-10 day, 8-14 day outlooks.

Huge pattern change. Mild/dried out Pacific air masses move zonally(west to east) across the US. MUCH drier. 

Initially very chilly in the Midsection but the cold air is flushed out during week 2. 

Temperature Probability

6 to 10 Day Outlook - Temperature Probability
 Precipitation Probability

  6 to 10 Day Outlook - Precipitation Probability


the 8-14 day outlooks
ArchivesAnalogsLines-Only FormatGIS Data

Temperature Probability

8 to 14 Day Outlook - Temperature Probability
 Precipitation Probability

  8 to 14 Day Outlook - Precipitation Probability