South America Weather/News
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Started by metmike - Nov. 6, 2018, 10:53 p.m.
November 6, 2018

Soy Harvest in Brazil will start 10-15 Days Earlier than Last Year

Farmers in Brazil have planted 60% of their 2018/19 soybean crop compared to 43% last year and 41% for the 5-year average.  This is up 14% for the week and continues to be a record fast planting pace for Brazilian soybeans.

As a result, farmers in Brazil are also on track for a record early start to the soybean harvest as well.  In western Parana and in central Mato Grosso, the combines should go to the fields during the second half of December, which would be 10-15 days earlier than normal.  The soybean harvest will also start earlier than normal due to the increased use of early maturing soybeans.

At the start of the harvest, the volume of soybeans will not be very large, but the volumes will start to increase in January and peak in February.

By metmike - Nov. 6, 2018, 10:56 p.m.
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The weather in South America has been very good the past month and past 3 months.

A bit dry now in some eastern locations of Argentina.


By metmike - Nov. 6, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
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Total rains the next 2 weeks from the latest, 18z operational GFS. Widespread domes or dry spots. Progressive weather systems, so no excessive rains in the main growing regions for corn and beans:

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By metmike - Nov. 6, 2018, 10:59 p.m.
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Crop calendar for Argentina:


  • Corn planting finishes in central Argentina.
  • Corn pollination starts in northern Argentina.
  • Soybean planting at full steam.
  • Wheat moving from grain filling to maturity.
  • Sunflowers are flowering.
  • Temperatures now at summertime levels, can have heat waves as well.
  • Summertime rains usually become more abundant.

Global Crop Production Maps by Region

Crop Calendar for Brazil:


  • Early November is main soybean planting period in Brazil(2 weeks ahead this year), full season corn crop should be all planted by now.
  • Earliest planted soybeans may start flowering by end of the month. 
  • Early planted corn begins pollination.
  • Rainfall now more frequent, 3-4 times a week, temperatures remain very hot in central Brazil.