This day in history November/December 2020
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Started by metmike - Nov. 4, 2020, 8:24 p.m.

November 4, 2020

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_4


1966 – The Arno River floods Florence, Italy, to a maximum depth of 6.7 m (22 ft), leaving thousands homeless and destroying millions of masterpieces of art and rare books. Also Venice was submerged on the same day at its record all-time acqua alta of 194 cm (76 in)...........during global cooling.


2008Barack Obama becomes the first person of biracial or African-American descent to be elected President of the United States.

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By metmike - Nov. 9, 2020, 1:32 a.m.
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November 8, 2020


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_8


1960John F. Kennedy is elected as the 35th President of the United States, defeating incumbent Vice President Richard Nixon, who would later be elected president in 1968 and 1972.


1966 – Former Massachusetts Attorney General Edward Brooke becomes the first African American elected to the United States Senate since Reconstruction.

1988 – U.S. Vice President George H. W. Bush is elected as the 41st president.


By metmike - Nov. 9, 2020, 1:38 a.m.
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November 9, 2020


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_9


1851Kentucky marshals abduct abolitionist minister Calvin Fairbank from Jeffersonville, Indiana, and take him to Kentucky to stand trial for helping a slave escape.


1906Theodore Roosevelt is the first sitting President of the United States to make an official trip outside the country. He did so to inspect progress on the Panama Canal.


1989 – Cold War: Fall of the Berlin Wall: East Germany opens checkpoints in the Berlin Wall, allowing its citizens to travel to West Berlin.


1998 – A U.S. federal judge, in the largest civil settlement in American history, orders 37 U.S. brokerage houses to pay US$1.03 billion to cheated NASDAQ investors to compensate for price fixing.

By metmike - Nov. 11, 2020, 12:38 a.m.
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November 10, 2020


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_10

1975 – The 729-foot-long freighter SS Edmund Fitzgerald sinks during a storm on Lake Superior, killing all 29 crew on board.


2002Veteran's Day Weekend Tornado Outbreak: A tornado outbreak stretching from Northern Ohio to the Gulf Coast, one of the largest outbreaks recorded in November. The strongest tornado, an F4, hits Van Wert, Ohio, during the early to mid afternoon and destroys a movie theater, which had been evacuated.

By metmike - Nov. 11, 2020, 12:42 a.m.
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Awesome song and tribute!!

Gordon Lightfoot - Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K6DUFPNILvM

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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SS_Edmund_Fitzgerald

SS Edmund Fitzgerald was an American Great Lakes freighter that sank in a Lake Superior storm on November 10, 1975, with the loss of the entire crew of 29. When launched on June 7, 1958, she was the largest ship on North America's Great Lakes, and she remains the largest to have sunk there.

For 17 years, Edmund Fitzgerald carried taconite iron ore from mines near Duluth, Minnesota, to iron works in Detroit, Toledo, and other Great Lakes ports. As a workhorse, she set seasonal haul records six times, often breaking her own previous record.[5][6] Captain Peter Pulcer was known for piping music day or night over the ship's intercom while passing through the St. Clair and Detroit rivers (between lakes Huron and Erie), and entertaining spectators at the Soo Locks (between Lakes Superior and Huron) with a running commentary about the ship.[5] Her size, record-breaking performance, and "DJ captain" endeared Edmund Fitzgerald to boat watchers.[7]

By metmike - Nov. 11, 2020, 11:45 p.m.
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November 11, 2020-Happy Veterans Day


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_11


1911 – Many cities in the Midwestern United States break their record highs and lows on the same day as a strong cold front rolls through.


1993 – A sculpture honoring women who served in the Vietnam War is dedicated at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C

By metmike - Nov. 11, 2020, 11:50 p.m.
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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Blue_Norther_of_November_11,_1911


The Great Blue Norther of November 11, 1911 was a cold snap that affected the central United States on Saturday, November 11, 1911. Many cities broke record highs, going into the 70s and 80s early that afternoon. By nightfall, cities were dealing with temperatures in the teens and single-digits on the Fahrenheit scale. This is the only day in many midwest cities' weather bureau jurisdictions where the record highs and lows were broken for the same day. Some cities experienced tornadoes on Saturday and a blizzard on Sunday.[1] A blizzard even occurred within one hour after an F4 tornado hit Rock County, Wisconsin.


Springfield, Missouri

In Springfield, the temperature difference was even more extreme. Springfield was at 80 °F (27 °C) at about 3:45 PM, before the cold front moved through. Fifteen minutes later, the temperature was at 40 °F (4 °C) with winds blasting out of the northwest at 40 mph (64 km/h). By 7:00 P.M. Central Standard Time (01:00 UTC 12 November) the temperature had dropped a further 20 °F (11.1 °C), and by  midnight, a record low of 13 °F (−11 °C) was established. It was  the first time since records had been kept for Springfield when the record high and record low were broken in the same day. The freak temperature difference was also a record breaker: 67 °F (37 °C) in 10 hours.[2]


metmike: An extreme event like that today, 109 years later would be blamed on manmade climate change!

By metmike - Nov. 13, 2020, 1:50 a.m.
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November 13, 2020


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_13


1970Bhola cyclone: A 150-mph tropical cyclone hits the densely populated Ganges Delta region of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh), killing an estimated 500,000 people in one night.....this was during global cooling!

By metmike - Nov. 13, 2020, 1:53 a.m.
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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1970_Bhola_cyclone

The 1970 Bhola cyclone (during global cooling) was a devastating tropical cyclone that struck East Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh) and India's West Bengal on November 11, 1970. It remains the deadliest tropical cyclone ever recorded and one of the deadliest natural disasters. At least 500,000 people lost their lives in the storm,[nb 1][1] primarily as a result of the storm surge that flooded much of the low-lying islands of the Ganges Delta.[2] This cyclone was the sixth cyclonic storm of the 1970 North Indian Ocean cyclone season, and also the season's strongest.[3]


By metmike - Nov. 15, 2020, 1:56 a.m.
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November 15, 2020

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_15



1777American Revolutionary War: After 16 months of debate the Continental Congress approves the Articles of Confederation.

1939 – In Washington, D.C., US President Franklin D. Roosevelt lays the cornerstone of the Jefferson Memorial.

1966Project Gemini: Gemini 12 completes the program's final mission, when it splashes down safely in the Atlantic Ocean.


By metmike - Nov. 16, 2020, 12:49 a.m.
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November 16, 2020


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_16



1990Pop group Milli Vanilli are stripped of their Grammy Award because the duo did not sing at all on the Girl You Know It's True album. Session musicians had provided all the vocals

By metmike - Nov. 17, 2020, 12:55 a.m.
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November 17, 2020


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_17


By metmike - Nov. 18, 2020, 12:37 a.m.
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November 18, 2020



https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_18


1872Susan B. Anthony and 14 other women are arrested for voting illegally in the United States presidential election of 1872.


By metmike - Nov. 18, 2020, 12:38 a.m.
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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Susan_B._Anthony

Susan B. Anthony (born Susan Anthony; February 15, 1820 – March 13, 1906) was an American social reformer and women's rights activist who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement. Born into a Quaker family committed to social equality, she collected anti-slavery petitions at the age of 17. In 1856, she became the New York state agent for the American Anti-Slavery Society.

In 1851, she met Elizabeth Cady Stanton, who became her lifelong friend and co-worker in social reform activities, primarily in the field of women's rights. In 1852, they founded the New York Women's State Temperance Society after Anthony was prevented from speaking at a temperance conference because she was female. In 1863, they founded the Women's Loyal National League, which conducted the largest petition drive in United States history up to that time, collecting nearly 400,000 signatures in support of the abolition of slavery. In 1866, they initiated the American Equal Rights Association, which campaigned for equal rights for both women and African Americans. In 1868, they began publishing a women's rights newspaper called The Revolution. In 1869, they founded the National Woman Suffrage Association as part of a split in the women's movement. In 1890, the split was formally healed when their organization merged with the rival American Woman Suffrage Association to form the National American Woman Suffrage Association, with Anthony as its key force. In 1876, Anthony and Stanton began working with Matilda Joslyn Gage on what eventually grew into the six-volume History of Woman Suffrage. The interests of Anthony and Stanton diverged somewhat in later years, but the two remained close friends.

In 1872, Anthony was arrested for voting in her hometown of Rochester, New York, and convicted in a widely publicized trial. Although she refused to pay the fine, the authorities declined to take further action. In 1878, Anthony and Stanton arranged for Congress to be presented with an amendment giving women the right to vote. Introduced by Sen. Aaron A. Sargent (R-CA), it later became known colloquially as the Susan B. Anthony Amendment. It was eventually ratified as the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1920.

Anthony traveled extensively in support of women's suffrage, giving as many as 75 to 100 speeches per year and working on many state campaigns. She worked internationally for women's rights, playing a key role in creating the International Council of Women, which is still active. She also helped to bring about the World's Congress of Representative Women at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893.

When she first began campaigning for women's rights, Anthony was harshly ridiculed and accused of trying to destroy the institution of marriage. Public perception of her changed radically during her lifetime, however. Her 80th birthday was celebrated in the White House at the invitation of President William McKinley. She became the first female citizen to be depicted on U.S. coinage when her portrait appeared on the 1979 dollar coin.

By metmike - Nov. 21, 2020, 2:10 p.m.
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November 21, 2020


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_21


1877Thomas Edison announces his invention of the phonograph, a machine that can record and play sound.

1945 – The United Auto Workers strike 92 General Motors plants in 50 cities to back up worker demands for a 30-percent raise.

This was huge for the "Motor City"


1964   – Second Vatican Council: The third session of the Roman Catholic Church's ecumenical council closes.

Any Roman Catholics out there?


1992 – A major tornado strikes the Houston, Texas area during the afternoon. Over the next two days the largest tornado outbreak ever to occur in the US during November spawns over 100 tornadoes.


United Auto Workers

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Auto_Workers

The International Union, United Automobile, Aerospace, and Agricultural Implement Workers of America, better known as the United Auto Workers (UAW), is an American labor union that represents workers in the United States (including Puerto Rico) and Canada. It was founded as part of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) in the 1930s and grew rapidly from 1936 to the 1950s. The union played a major role in the liberal wing of the Democratic Party under the leadership of Walter Reuther (president 1946–1970). It was known for gaining high wages and pensions for auto workers, but it was unable to unionize auto plants built by foreign-based car makers in the South after the 1970s, and it went into a steady decline in membership; reasons for this included increased automation, decreased use of labor, movements of manufacturing (including reaction to NAFTA), and increased globalization.

UAW members in the 21st century work in industries including autos and auto parts, health care, casino gambling, and higher education. The union is headquartered in Detroit, Michigan. It has more than 391,000 active members and more than 580,000 retired members in over 600 local unions, and holds 1,150 contracts with some 1,600 employers.[2]

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Being from Detroit and having a Dad that worked as an industrial engineer for 35 years for Ford Motor, is probably why I know a few things about this great man.

He is the guy my dad admired the most. Ralph Nader is number 2 on his list.


Read about his life. You'll be impressed too!


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Reuther

Walter Philip Reuther (/ˈrθər/; September 1, 1907 – May 9, 1970) was an American leader of organized labor and civil rights activist who built the United Automobile Workers (UAW) into one of the most progressive labor unions in American history.[1] He saw labor movements not as narrow special interest groups but as instruments to advance social justice and human rights in democratic societies.[1] He leveraged the UAW's resources and influence to advocate for workers' rights, civil rights, women's rights, universal health care, public education, affordable housing, environmental stewardship and nuclear nonproliferation around the world.[1] He believed in Swedish-style social democracy and societal change through nonviolentcivil disobedience.[2][3] He survived two attempted assassinations, including one at home where he was struck by a 12-gauge shotgun blast fired through his kitchen window.[4] He was the fourth and longest serving president of the UAW, serving from 1946 until his untimely death in 1970

                                    


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lUgopRya0Ns


Walter Reuther Documentary
Documentary film "Walter" about the labor leader Walter Reuther, produced by Tele-Tape Detroit for the United Auto Workers union in the 1970s (probably shortly after Reuther's death).
www.youtube.com

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-HJo7I-WDNY


50th Anniversary of MLK's March on Washington - Walter Reuther's Speech
August 28, 1963 - Washington DC, UAW President Walter Reuther addresses the crowd at the March on Washington with Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr
www.youtube.com



Late addition:

November 22, 2020


John F. Kennedy/Assassinated

November 22, 1963, Parkland Hospital, Dallas, TX

Image result for president kennedy assassinated

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assassination_of_John_F._Kennedy

By metmike - Nov. 24, 2020, 1:13 a.m.
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November 23, 2020


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_23


1971 – Representatives of the People's Republic of China attend the United Nations, including the United Nations Security Council, for the first time.

1978Cyclone kills about 1,000 people in eastern Sri Lanka.....near the end of global cooling

1992 – The first smartphone, the IBM Simon, is introduced at COMDEX in Las Vegas, Nevada.

  • 2015Blue Origin's New Shepard space vehicle became the first rocket to successfully fly to space and then return to Earth for a controlled, vertical landing.[13]
By metmike - Nov. 24, 2020, 1:18 a.m.
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November 24, 2020

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_24

1917 – In Milwaukee, nine members of the Milwaukee Police Department are killed by a bomb, the most deaths in a single event in U.S. police history until the September 11 attacks in 2001.

1932 – In Washington, D.C., the FBI Scientific Crime Detection Laboratory (better known as the FBI Crime Lab) officially opens.

1963Lee Harvey Oswald, the assassin of President John F. Kennedy, is killed by Jack Ruby.

1973 – A national speed limit is imposed on the Autobahn in Germany because of the 1973 oil crisis. The speed limit lasts only four months.

1974Donald Johanson and Tom Gray discover the 40% complete Australopithecus afarensis skeleton, nicknamed "Lucy" (after The Beatles song "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds"), in the Awash Valley of Ethiopia's Afar Depression.

By metmike - Nov. 28, 2020, 1:01 a.m.
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November 27, 2020


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_27


1868American Indian Wars: Battle of Washita River: United States Army Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer leads an attack on Cheyenne living on reservation land.

1918 – The Free Territory of Ukraine is established.


1924 – In New York City, the first Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade is held.


1973Twenty-fifth Amendment: The United States Senate votes 92–3 to confirm Gerald Ford as Vice President of the United States. (On December 6, the House will confirm him 387–35).

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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macy%27s_Thanksgiving_Day_Parade

Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade 2014 Logo.png

The annual Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade in New York City, the world's largest parade,[2] is presented by the U.S. based department store chain Macy's. The parade started in 1924,[3] tying it for the second-oldest Thanksgiving parade in the United States with America's Thanksgiving Parade in Detroit (with both parades being four years younger than Philadelphia's Thanksgiving Day Parade). The three-hour parade is held in Manhattan, ending outside Macy's Herald Square, and takes place from 9:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time on Thanksgiving Day, and has been televised nationally on NBC since 1953. Employees at Macy's department stores have the option of marching in the parade.

By metmike - Nov. 29, 2020, 2:17 p.m.
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November 29, 2020


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_29

1877Thomas Edison demonstrates his phonograph for the first time.


1929 – U.S. Admiral Richard E. Byrd leads the first expedition to fly over the South Pole.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Edison

Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman who has been described as America's greatest inventor.[1][2][3] He developed many devices in fields such as electric power generation, mass communication, sound recording, and motion pictures.[4] These inventions, which include the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and early versions of the electric light bulb, have had a widespread impact on the modern industrialized world.[5] He was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of organized science and teamwork to the process of invention, working with many researchers and employees. He established the first industrial research laboratory.[6]

Edison was raised in the American Midwest; early in his career he worked as a telegraph operator, which inspired some of his earliest inventions.[4] In 1876, he established his first laboratory facility in Menlo Park, New Jersey, where many of his early inventions were developed. He later established a botanic laboratory in Fort Myers, Florida in collaboration with businessmen Henry Ford and Harvey S. Firestone, and a laboratory in West Orange, New Jersey that featured the world's first film studio, the Black Maria. He was a prolific inventor, holding 1,093 US patents in his name, as well as patents in other countries. Edison married twice and fathered six children. He died in 1931 of complications of diabetes.

By metmike - Dec. 2, 2020, 12:46 a.m.
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December 1, 2020


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/December_1


1824United States presidential election: Since no candidate received a majority of the total electoral college votes in the election, the United States House of Representatives is given the task of deciding the winner in accordance with the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution.


1913   – Ford Motor Company introduces the first moving assembly line.


1941World War II: Emperor Hirohito of Japan gives the final approval to initiate war against the United States.

1969 – Vietnam War: The first draft lottery in the United States is held since World War II.

By metmike - Dec. 3, 2020, 7:09 p.m.
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December 2, 2020


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/December_2




1993   – Space Shuttle program: STS-61: NASA launches the Space Shuttle Endeavour on a mission to repair the Hubble Space Telescope.

2001Enron files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.

By metmike - Dec. 3, 2020, 7:13 p.m.
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December 3, 2020

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/December_3

1800   – United States presidential election: The Electoral College casts votes for president and vice president that resulted in a tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr.

1979 – In Cincinnati, 11 fans are suffocated in a crush for seats on the concourse outside Riverfront Coliseum before a Who concert.

1989 – In a meeting off the coast of Malta, U.S. President George H. W. Bush and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev release statements indicating that the Cold War between NATO and the Warsaw Pact may be coming to an end.