NG in 2022 obliterates old record for autumn 100+ injections
45 responses | 0 likes
Started by WxFollower - Nov. 13, 2022, 7:50 p.m.

Mike was asking about this and assumed correctly that no season on record before 2022 had had nearly the number of autumn NG 100+ injections that 2022 has had, which is six:

- 2019, 2011, and 2003 each had three

- 2015 and 2014 had two

- 2021, 2013, 2010, and 2006 each had one

- Nineteen other years since 1994 had none, including 1994-2002

- 2003-2021 averaged only one

- Lowest autumn injection high was a mere 69 (in 2009)

- Average autumn injection high for 2003-2021: 97

- Highest autumn injection high for 2003-2021: 118 (in 2021)

- 2022 has the two highest autumn injections on record: 129 and 125

By metmike - Nov. 13, 2022, 8:19 p.m.
Like Reply

Great job Larry!

Natural gas is gushing in right now and filling up storage at a record pace. I'd predicted that we would pass up the 5 year average before the end of the year. If not for this major cold wave, we would do it easily in November. 

Previous post:  Look at the blue line below rapidly gaining on the 5 year average. The angle of the upsloping blue line is MUCH steeper than any other year with us now having 6 of the last 8 reports featuring 100+ BCF injections. I don't need to check the records(Larry can) to know that has NEVER happened before.

Also: I've copied the weekly data going back well into 2021 below. Note the huge drawdowns during the first several months of this year, 2022. Also a drawdown in April. That was the period that caused the blue line below to spike down and part ways with the 5 year average. We maintained that supply gap/deficit of several hundred BCF, thru the Spring and Summer. In early September it was still -349 BCF.

2 months later and it's only -76 BCF, gaining a whopping +273 BCF in that short period!

Autumn 2021 featured on 1 injection of 100+ BCF.

 ‹ See All Natural Gas Reports

Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report

 for week ending November 4, 2022   |  Released: November 10, 2022 at 10:30 a.m.   |  Next Release: November 17, 2022 

                           + 79 BCF  initial bullish price reaction

Working gas in underground storage, Lower 48 states Summary textCSVJSN
  Historical Comparisons
billion cubic feet (Bcf)
 Year ago
5-year average
Region11/04/2210/28/22net changeimplied flow  Bcf% change Bcf% change
East865  848  17  17   897  -3.6  906  -4.5  
Midwest1,068  1,042  26  26   1,074  -0.6  1,080  -1.1  
Mountain208  204  4  4   213  -2.3  213  -2.3  
Pacific247  247  0  0   258  -4.3  290  -14.8  
South Central1,193  1,160  33  33   1,175  1.5  1,166  2.3  
   Salt311  299  12  12   323  -3.7  314  -1.0  
   Nonsalt882  861  21  21   850  3.8  851  3.6  
Total3,580  3,501  79  79   3,617  -1.0  3,656  -2.1  

Totals may not equal sum of components because of independent rounding.


Working gas in storage was 3,580 Bcf as of Friday, November 4, 2022, according to EIA estimates. This represents  a net increase of 79 Bcf from the previous week. Stocks were 37 Bcf less than last year at this time and 76 Bcf below the five-year average of 3,656 Bcf. At 3,580 Bcf, total working gas is  within the five-year historical range.

 For information on sampling error in this report, see Estimated Measures of Sampling Variability table below. 

 Working Gas in Underground Storage Compared with Five-Year Range ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

U.S. Natural Gas Storage

 Latest Release  Nov 10, 2022   Actual79B    Forecast84B    Previous 107B

Release DateTimeActualForecastPrevious
Nov 17, 2022 10:30 84B79B
Nov 10, 2022 10:3079B84B107B
Nov 03, 2022 09:30107B97B52B
Oct 27, 2022 09:3052B59B111B
Oct 20, 2022 09:30111B105B125B
Oct 13, 2022 09:30125B123B129B
Oct 06, 2022 09:30129B113B103B
Sep 29, 2022 09:30103B94B103B
Sep 22, 2022 09:30103B93B77B
Sep 15, 2022 09:3077B73B54B
Sep 08, 2022 09:3054B54B61B
Sep 01, 2022 09:3061B58B60B
Aug 25, 2022 09:3060B58B18B
Aug 18, 2022 09:3018B34B44B
Aug 11, 2022 09:3044B39B41B
Aug 04, 2022 09:3041B29B15B
Jul 28, 2022 09:3015B22B32B
Jul 21, 2022 09:3032B47B58B


Release DateTimeActualForecastPrevious

Jul 14, 2022 09:3058B58B60B
Jul 07, 2022 09:3060B74B82B
Jun 30, 2022 09:3082B74B74B
Jun 23, 2022 09:3074B65B92B
Jun 16, 2022 09:3092B 97B
Jun 09, 2022 09:3097B96B90B
Jun 02, 2022 09:3090B86B80B
May 26, 2022 09:3080B89B89B
May 19, 2022 09:3089B87B76B
May 12, 2022 09:3076B79B77B
May 05, 2022 09:3077B68B40B
Apr 28, 2022 09:3040B38B53B
Apr 21, 2022 09:3053B37B15B
Apr 14, 2022 09:3015B15B-33B
Apr 07, 2022 09:30-33B-26B26B
Mar 31, 2022 09:3026B21B-51B
Mar 24, 2022 09:30-51B-56B-79B
Mar 17, 2022 09:30-79B-73B-124B
Mar 10, 2022 10:30-124B-117B-139B
Mar 03, 2022 10:30-139B-138B-129B
Feb 24, 2022 10:30-129B-134B-190B
Feb 17, 2022 10:30-190B-193B-222B
Feb 10, 2022 10:30-222B-222B-268B
Feb 03, 2022 10:30-268B-216B-219B
Jan 27, 2022 10:30-219B-216B-206B
Jan 20, 2022 10:30-206B-194B-179B
Jan 13, 2022 10:30-179B-173B-31B
Jan 06, 2022 10:30-31B-54B-136B
Dec 30, 2021 10:30-136B-125B-55B
Dec 23, 2021 10:30-55B-56B-88B
Dec 16, 2021 10:30-88B-86B-59B
Dec 09, 2021 10:30-59B-54B-59B
Dec 02, 2021 10:30-59B-57B-21B
Nov 24, 2021 12:00-21B-22B26B


Release DateTimeActualForecastPrevious

Nov 18, 2021 10:3026B25B7B
Nov 10, 2021 12:007B10B63B
Nov 04, 2021 09:3063B63B87B
Oct 28, 2021 09:3087B86B92B
Oct 21, 2021 09:3092B90B81B
Oct 14, 2021 09:3081B94B118B
Oct 07, 2021 09:30118B105B88B
Sep 30, 2021 09:3088B87B76B
Sep 23, 2021 09:3076B75B83B
Sep 16, 2021 09:3083B76B52B
Sep 09, 2021 09:3052B40B20B
Sep 02, 2021 09:3020B25B29B
Aug 26, 2021 09:3029B40B46B
Aug 19, 2021 09:3046B31B49B


Aug 12, 2021 09:3049B49B13B
Aug 05, 2021 09:3013B21B36B
Jul 29, 2021 09:3036B43B49B
Jul 22, 2021 09:3049B44B55B
Jul 15, 2021 09:3055B47B16B
Jul 08, 2021 09:3016B34B76B
Jul 01, 2021 09:3076B68B55B
Jun 24, 2021 09:3055B66B16B
Jun 17, 2021 09:3016B72B98B
Jun 10, 2021 09:3098B98B98B
Jun 03, 2021 09:3098B95B115B
May 27, 2021 09:30115B104B71B

By tjc - Nov. 13, 2022, 9:31 p.m.
Like Reply

Larry and Mike

Translation, please.  Supply is drastically increasing, no major severe weather for balance of November, thus find price 6ish to sell??   Is this accurate?


By WxFollower - Nov. 13, 2022, 10:19 p.m.
Like Reply


 "Dry natural gas production has been rising since the first quarter of 2022, when it averaged 94.6 billion cubic feet per day (Bcfd). The Energy Information Administration (EIA) forecasts U.S. natural gas production to average 99.0 Bcfd during fourth-quarter 2022 and then rise to 100.4 Bcfd in 2023. "

 So, production per day is projected to have risen 4.4 bcf/day from the 1st quarter of 2022 to the current quarter. That translates to 31 bcf/week higher production. If we were to hold all other variables constant, that would mean that if there had not been any increase in production, the highest EIA weekly injection this autumn would have been only ~96, which would have been near the longterm average highest autumn injection. A 4.4 bcf/day increase is equivalent to ~134 bcf/month and ~400 bcf/qtr.

 An increase in production has been anticipated for 2022+ for at least the last year, but I don't think it was expected to be this much. The huge price rises during the first half of 2022 likely have had a good bit to do with that.

By metmike - Nov. 13, 2022, 10:28 p.m.
Like Reply

Hi tjc!

Larry stopped trading natural gas almost a year ago because other things were causing it to go against weather. Sometimes featuring  enormous spikes from news or in some cases smaller spikes below support and above resistance from traders manipulating the price to take advantage. 

The other really huge thing is exports and prices in Europe. They really have had a major impact on US prices at times,  often much more than weather. 

I've hardly traded at all this year, partly for the same reason.

Here's an example of the crazy trading in the last week or so:

                By metmike - Nov. 6, 2022, 12:39 a.m.            

Insane trading on Friday 11-4-22. +3,000/contract very early on colder models overnight. Then reversing down to lower on the day by mid-morning. Then reversing back +$6,000/contract from the lows on the close.


                By metmike - Nov. 6, 2022, 5:55 p.m.           

                                              4:55pm:     Big gap higher coming.

5:01pm: That was crazy. +6,000/contract on the open!


 By metmike - Nov. 8, 2022, 1:21 p.m.            

            NG down more than $10,000/contract vs yesterday at this time.


                By metmike - Nov. 11, 2022, 12:49 p.m.                        

Some sort of news must have hit a few minutes before 10am. 

NG went from +3,000/contract and in the midst of a strong push higher, on the -4,000/contract in 1 hour with more than half of that -7,000 loss in a 5 minute period.


Your assumption is a good one, tjc, if supplies keep gushing in. However, a damaged export facility has been down for months and is scheduled to be running again anytime now. That will send out enough ng to use up some to possibly most  of the extra supply we've seen the last 2 months.


Column: U.S. gas exports squeeze domestic supply

LONDON, Sept 29 (Reuters) - U.S. gas production will need to increase significantly to continue growing exports while ensuring fuel remains affordable for domestic power producers, households and industrial users.

Production of dry gas (stripped of natural gas liquids) totalled 17,329 billion cubic feet in the first six months of the year, according to data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA).

Dry gas output was up by 944 billion cubic feet compared with the same period in 2019, the last year before the pandemic ("Monthly energy review", EIA, Sept. 27).


Domestic consumption increased by 440 billion cubic feet, with electricity generators accounting for 382 billion.

But exports surged by 1,408 billion cubic feet largely as a result of the commissioning of large new liquefaction terminals.

The massive increase in LNG exports has significantly tightened the availability of gas for domestic users and put upward pressure on prices.


As a result, inventories depleted by 876 billion cubic feet in the first six months of 2022 compared with just 246 billion in the first six months of 2019.

The drawdown was the second-largest on record and 65% higher than the average over the previous 10 years.

Chartbook: U.S. gas production, consumption and exports


To maintain and grow exports U.S. gas producers will need to increase their output significantly in both the short and longer term.


metmike: We've obviously done that this Fall with the record injections.

Previous natural gas thread:

By tjc - Nov. 14, 2022, 10:03 a.m.
Like Reply


Thank you both for replying.

It seems production increases is KNOWN.  The amount of export unknown, but also increasing.

Buy/sell extremes--on a daily basis.  NOT an easy ticket.

Again, thank you

By metmike - Nov. 14, 2022, 11:58 a.m.
Like Reply

YW tjc!

After typing about how crazy NG is and not following exactly followed weather overnight.

The 0z European model came out +13 HDDs around 1:30 am and NG never looked back, without the extreme spikes down(most were somewhat controlled). 

Despite this, it still warms temps back to average at the end of 2 weeks and under the current environment of supply gushing in, we need sustained, continuous cold and/or models that keep getting colder(like this last one overnight) for high confidence moves up. In the absence of that,  there will be heavy downward pressure on ng prices.

The GFS was also colder overnight.

By metmike - Nov. 14, 2022, 11:59 a.m.
Like Reply

Natural Gas Futures Rebound Early on Colder Weekend Weather Trends

In the wake of market speculation over the timing of the Freeport LNG terminal’s return to service, and with colder trends over the weekend from one of the major weather models, natural gas futures were trading sharply higher early Monday. The December Nymex contract was up 39.1 cents to $6.270/MMBtu at around 8:55 a.m. ET.… 

By metmike - Nov. 14, 2022, 2:57 p.m.
Like Reply

12z models were less cold, the Euro by -14 HDDs. So it took back the extra cold put in on the previous model.
so we plunged to -5,000 from the highs, almost unchanged on the day.

back a bit to +1,000 Since the fri close. This is more like the wild ng market trading that we’ve come to dislike.

By metmike - Nov. 15, 2022, 3:45 p.m.
Like Reply

Monday recap:

U.S. Natural Gas Prices Swing as Uncertainty Over Freeport LNG Restart Continues – LNG Recap

 U.S. natural gas futures swung on Monday as the market continued to weigh conflicting information about when Freeport LNG might return to service. While Henry Hub ultimately finished higher, a rally earlier in the day fizzled after Bloomberg cited anonymous sources who said the terminal would likely cancel shipments scheduled for November and December. The… 


This is what I said earlier about the export news having enormous impact on prices that crushes any weather at the time.

By metmike - Nov. 15, 2022, 3:51 p.m.
Like Reply

Tuesday early:

Natural Gas Futures Climb on November Cold, Though Freeport Uncertainty Lingers


Tuesday morning and early afternoon: The 12z GFS was +5 HDDs(although its 6z run was -6 HDDs) and the EURO -2 HDDs vs the 0z runs. With Freeport LNG news being capable of causing a 5,000/contract spike, don't trade this market without a stop. 

The expected, bearish week 2 huge warm up is showing up too. Some of this was dialed in with last weeks plunge lower(after the spike higher). All other key items unchanged, as these mild temps get closer and don't change to colder, it should put pressure on ng prices.

However, the AO and NAO are moving into negative territory which often means more cold than the models think:

Arctic Oscillation Index, North Atlantic Oscillation Index, Pacific North American Index.

Ensemble Mean AO Outlook

Ensemble Mean NAO Outlook

Ensemble Mean PNA Outlook

By metmike - Nov. 15, 2022, 7:25 p.m.
Like Reply

Another robust injection likely on Thursday, especially for November. Near record warmth in the highly populated East and Midwest that uses the most natural gas for residential heating.  So extremely wimpy demand for heating.

By metmike - Nov. 15, 2022, 7:28 p.m.
Like Reply

Natural Gas Futures Maintain Momentum Amid Strong Heating Demand, Eclipse $6 Price Handle

 Natural gas futures pushed higher a second straight day as wintry weather canvassed the Midwest and Northeast – key natural gas demand regions – fueling consumption and supporting prices. The December Nymex gas futures contract gained 10.1 cents day/day and settled at $6.034/MMBtu. January rose 9.6 cents to $6.395. NGI’s Spot Gas National Avg., meanwhile,… 


There's been enough cold this week and next week to think that we could have the first double drawdowns of the heating season.  On Nov 24 and 31. Not sure when the average first drawdown is but probably right around this time frame. Last year, it was Nov 24, 2021 but supplies weren't gushing in like they are now. It also wasn't nearly this cold. Below is was the temperature map for that -21 BCF drawdown. Not close to be how cold this week is.

By metmike - Nov. 16, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Like Reply

Models Trend Warmer for Late November as Natural Gas Futures Slide Early


Same forecast as it has been this week, we're just getting closer to the warm up in week 2. However, there is tremendous spread in the solutions, especially with the -AO and -NAO which favor colder than what the average of solutions thinks. It could still morph colder with that -NAO, -AO in addition to the La Nina.

If the MJO gets to phase 7 and is amplified, it would likely cause forcing for cold in the Midwest and vicinity. The individual GFS solutions especially have some pretty amplified versions for the MJO!

However, phase 6 is mild and we have alot of high amplitude phase 6 coming up for the 2nd half of this month.  So the point is that the cold forcing from a -AO, -NAO coming from the north, could be blocked by an MJO forcing in the Pacific that dominates if its in the opposite direction(keeping the cold, mostly locked up in Canada.

However, if it phases with the -AO/-NAO in a phase 7 and high amplitude(maximizing the potential impact)  then it would be very cold in the same places where a different phase blocks the cold. This could follow a phase 6, transient very mild period later this month.

At the same time, the La Nina has also been dampening out the MJO because of the cold water to the east. However, the MJO signal looks to be very strong/amplified.

Bottom line is we have uncertainty towards the end of the month on what will happen. After the very high confidence moderation next week.

Madden Julian Oscillation (MJO) - Explained

+++++++++++++++mjo 1


mjo 4

By metmike - Nov. 16, 2022, 2:33 p.m.
Like Reply

NG bounced back almost 5,000/contract from the lows. Most of it came between 1-1:30pm CST. Not from weather, I don't think. Maybe news on the Freeport outage finally over? Or something from Europe? Other news?

The middle part of the 12z Euro was much milder but then last 5 days much colder and it came out to almost the same HDDs. The GFS was +5 HDDs vs the 0z run.

By metmike - Nov. 17, 2022, 2:11 a.m.
Like Reply

Natural Gas Futures Extend Win Streak as Freezing Weather Overshadows Bearish Risks, Supports Prices

 Natural gas futures edged higher again on Wednesday, extending a rally to three days, as traders ultimately paid more attention to robust heating demand than the protracted shutdown of a key export facility and the likelihood of a relatively robust storage injection. At A Glance: Cold weather remains at forefront Analysts expect large storage build… 


The 0z GFS just out was a whopping -15 HDDs bearish vs the previous 18z run(-7 HDDs from the 12z run) all from days 9-12)........but ng went up anyways.

It was quickly followed by the European model(the market follows this one the most) +11 HDDs bullish(all from days 6-9).

This has us +1,700/contract.  Possibly the very bearish EIA report later today will keep us from going too much higher??? Though, it likely already dialed in. 

By metmike - Nov. 17, 2022, 10:29 a.m.
Like Reply

  ‹ See All Natural Gas Reports

Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report

 for week ending November 11, 2022   |  Released: November 17, 2022 at 10:30 a.m.   |  Next Release: November 23, 2022 

               +64 BCF.  stocks are now +4 BCF vs last year and only -7 BCF vs the 5 year average. Look at the blue line below. Next 2 weeks will be drawdowns however.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                

Working gas in underground storage, Lower 48 states Summary text CSV JSN
  Historical Comparisons
billion cubic feet (Bcf)
 Year ago
5-year average
Region11/11/2211/04/22net changeimplied flow  Bcf% change Bcf% change
East882  865  17  17   900  -2.0  902  -2.2  
Midwest1,084  1,068  16  16   1,078  0.6  1,078  0.6  
Mountain208  208  0  0   212  -1.9  212  -1.9  
Pacific241  247  -6  -6   261  -7.7  290  -16.9  
South Central1,228  1,193  35  35   1,189  3.3  1,169  5.0  
   Salt327  311  16  16   330  -0.9  318  2.8  
   Nonsalt901  882  19  19   859  4.9  851  5.9  
Total3,644  3,580  64  64   3,640  0.1  3,651  -0.2  

Totals may not equal sum of components because of independent rounding.


Working gas in storage was 3,644 Bcf as of Friday, November 11, 2022, according to EIA estimates. This represents  a net increase of 64 Bcf from the previous week. Stocks were 4 Bcf higher than last year at this time and 7 Bcf below the five-year average of 3,651 Bcf. At 3,644 Bcf, total working gas is  within the five-year historical range.

 For information on sampling error in this report, see Estimated Measures of Sampling Variability table below. 

 Working Gas in Underground Storage Compared with Five-Year Range

By metmike - Nov. 17, 2022, 11:32 a.m.
Like Reply

December Natural Gas Futures Further Rally as 64 Bcf Storage Injection Close to Expectations

 The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) on Thursday reported an injection of 64 Bcf natural gas into storage for the week ended Nov. 11. The result was roughly in line with expectations and, with a shift to withdrawals expected soon, Nymex natural gas futures held in positive territory in morning trading. Ahead of the EIA… 


The next 2 weeks should feature withdrawals from this extreme cold. Extended forecasts are likely to continue to warm up from west to east. Historically, ng would be under pressure with this current weather dynamic. ........extreme cold near term shrinking from the progression of days and warmth expanding in the extended from the progression of days.

However, we're almost $7,000/contract higher than yesterday at this time(when that could have been OVER dialed in), so there's something else going on.

It's possible the extremely mild November weather could only get us a bit below $6 from speculation trade and that represents strong fair value in this environment and speculators are not doing to press the short side after we already dropped so far since the highs just over 2 months ago. 

By metmike - Nov. 17, 2022, 11:56 a.m.
Like Reply

1 week below. We're on the highs for this week.


6 months below. Huge drop since we spiked near $10 just over 2 months ago. Double bottom with July spike low.


5 years below. Double top just below $10 this past Summer.


30+ years below. You can see what  the incredible new supply did to prices over a decade ago when with fracking and horizontal drilling tapped into massive natural gas on land. 

But we've entered a new era because the NG industry has been building export terminals the last 5+ years and now we export much of the extra gas. 

By metmike - Nov. 17, 2022, 7:43 p.m.
Like Reply

Natural Gas Futures Rally Endures Amid Cold Blasts, Looming Inventory Withdrawals

 Natural gas futures prices flew higher once again on Thursday, rallying a fourth consecutive day on cold weather and mounting demand that pointed to steep storage withdrawals following what analysts expect was the last reported injection of the year. The December Nymex natural gas futures contract settled at $6.369/MMBtu, up 16.9 cents day/day. January climbed… 


MJO phase 6 in week 2 is very mild except along the East/Northeast Coast. That with the -NAO favors chilly weather still there where a lot of people live.  

Even so, we are losing cold HDD days at the start of the forecast and replacing them with milder HDD days at the end of the 2 week forecasts.

Arctic Oscillation Index, North Atlantic Oscillation Index.

Ensemble Mean AO Outlook

Ensemble Mean NAO Outlook

By metmike - Nov. 17, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Like Reply

Here's the latest I could find on the still down Freeport facility.

Causes of Freeport LNG pipeline explosion revealed

Nov. 16 (UPI) -- The company in charge of operations at the Freeport LNG export facility in Texas said the lack of pressure protections on its equipment was to blame for a June 8 explosion that's kept the facility offline.

Freeport is the second-largest facility of the kind in the United States. The explosion at the facility in June came just as the global energy sector was working to adjust to the marginalization of Russian natural gas that came as a result of the war in Ukraine.

At its peak, Freeport could process about 2 billion cubic feet of natural gas per day (Bcf/d) and export as much as 15 million tons of LNG each year. The company provided no information on a possible restart date.

While seasonal and demand factors apply, U.S. data suggest LNG exports are down due to the loss of Freeport. Between Nov. 3 and Nov. 9, federal data show 21 vessels laden with U.S.-derived LNG left export terminals with a combined 78 billion cubic feet of gas in liquid form.

But before the incident, between May 19 and May 25, data show 24 vessels left with a combined capacity of 90 billion cubic feet of product.

Federal estimates, meanwhile, show total U.S. LNG exports are on pace to increase by around 13% from this year's average to reach 12.33 Bcf/d on average for 2023.

RELATED Vessels carrying liquefied natural gas line up off European shores


My analysis: It appears that this explosion has been taking away an additional 2 BCF/day of exports. This would be an extra 14 BCF/week added to supplies and going into storage. If we look at the record storage injections below and subtract 14 BCF/week from the injections(if Freeport were actively exporting), we would have seen only 2 weeks with 100+ injections instead of 6. Still very robust injections and probably still a record but not extreme record obliterating injections like we've seen the last 2+ months that got us caught up from a -349 BCF storage deficit vs the 5 year average in early September to just -7 BCF today. In just over 2 months, we gained +342 BCF.  Maybe +140 BCF came from Freeport being down?

Release DateTimeActualForecastPrevious
Nov 17, 2022 10:30 64B64B79B
Nov 10, 2022 10:3079B84B107B
Nov 03, 2022 09:30107B97B52B
Oct 27, 2022 09:3052B59B111B
Oct 20, 2022 09:30111B105B125B
Oct 13, 2022 09:30125B123B129B
Oct 06, 2022 09:30129B113B103B
Sep 29, 2022 09:30103B94B103B
Sep 22, 2022 09:30103B93B77B
Sep 15, 2022 09:3077B73B54B

By metmike - Nov. 18, 2022, 10:43 a.m.
Like Reply

Natural Gas Futures Stumble as Late November Weather-Driven Demand Outlook Weakens   

Milder overnight forecast trends for late November saw natural gas futures reverse lower in early trading Friday. Coming off a 16.9-cent rally in the previous session, the December Nymex contract was down 19.7 cents to $6.172/MMBtu at around 8:45 a.m. 


Milder temps overnight and lower HDDs HAD ng lower, though its coming back.

0Z European model was -6 HDDs. GFS -9 HDDs vs the 12z run from Thursday.

By metmike - Nov. 18, 2022, 1:02 p.m.
Like Reply

In week 2, the NAO and AO are less negative today, which reduces the longer range cold risk a bit. They move towards 0 at the end of the period but still are negative thru week 2.

By metmike - Nov. 18, 2022, 3:56 p.m.
Like Reply

The 12z models have taken a turn to looking colder late in week 2.

Almost half the GFS ensemble members are looking coldish, especially northern tier.

Over half the Canadian ensemble members look cold.

 A few solutions are extreme and bring in an interaction with the polar vortex assisting the cold delivery.



This would come AFTER a big warm up in week 2.


The shift to cold in week 3 will likely be determined by the NAO signal, with some assistance in the intensity of cold from the AO.

We should also remember that the next 2 EIA weekly storage reports should be pretty bullish for this time of year after being bombarded with record/huge bearish injections the previous 2+ months.

By metmike - Nov. 18, 2022, 4:08 p.m.
Like Reply

U.S. Drilling Tally Rises on Natural Gas, Oil Activity Gains

rig count


                    US Natural Gas Rig Count              

                       157.00  for Wk of Nov 18 2022        


Below, you can see what the age of fracking/horizontal drilling over land did with their MUCH MORE productive wells vs those in the GOM more than a decade ago.


Hydraulically fractured horizontal wells account for most new oil and natural gas wells

monthly crude oil and natural gas well drilling footage by type, as explained in the article text


Horizontal Well

A drilling technique that drills with an inclination of greater than 80 degrees to a vertical wellbore

Written byCFI Team

Updated November 13, 2022


  • A horizontal well is a drilling technique that drills with an inclination of greater than 80 degrees to a vertical wellbore.
  • Horizontal wells are used in situations where the reservoir is abnormally shaped, or excavation is impossible.
  • Horizontal drilling is preferred over vertical drilling due to its ability to access subsurface reservoirs that are not accessible from directly above.
By metmike - Nov. 21, 2022, 12:45 a.m.
Like Reply

Big warm up this week, lasting thru week 2 has natural gas modestly lower this evening.

By metmike - Nov. 21, 2022, 9:39 a.m.
Like Reply

Market Eyes Potential Early December Cold as Natural Gas Futures Advance Early

 As forecasts over the weekend teased a colder Lower 48 pattern during the first week of December, natural gas futures rallied in early trading Monday. The December Nymex contract was up 14.1 cents to $6.444/MMBtu at around 8:45 a.m. ET. January was up 16.5 cents to $6.881. Freeport LNG on Friday announced that it expects… 


Colder temps late in week 2 overnight reversed us higher. 

Huge warm up this week is coming.

By metmike - Nov. 21, 2022, 9:46 a.m.
Like Reply

Should be a pretty robust early season draw down this week. The EIA will come out on Wednesday because of Thanksgiving.

By metmike - Nov. 21, 2022, 6:39 p.m.
Like Reply

Natural Gas Futures, Spot Prices Fly on Freeport Clarity, December Cold, Threat of Railroad Strike

 Natural gas futures found fresh footing on Monday, as traders mulled an updated relaunch timeline for a major export facility, railroad union members considered a strike, and forecasts pointed to another round of wintry weather in early December. At A Glance: LNG facility aims for December return Demand could intensify next month Analysts expect large… 


This one surprised me. They don't mention the big withdrawal coming up as we might guess that was dialed in. The updated MJO forecasts a phase 7 coming in early December that correlates some robust cold. Late week 2 models are really reacting, along with HDDs jumping higher. 

See the analog/seasonal for phase 7 below.

GFS MJO index ensemble plume

By WxFollower - Nov. 22, 2022, 12:58 a.m.
Like Reply

Hey Mike,

 Did you notice that there was a six cent drop within just the 3 minute period from 11:02 PM to 11:05 PM CST? Was the part of the 0Z GEFS coming out then significantly warmer than the 18Z/12Z runs by chance? TIA

By metmike - Nov. 22, 2022, 2:04 a.m.
Like Reply

Thanks Larry,

I wasn't watching exactly at that time but the GFS ensemble was -9 HDDs, almost all from a milder pattern after day 6. Your explanation makes complete sense!

By metmike - Nov. 22, 2022, 2:23 a.m.
Like Reply


We just saw an even bigger drop(double the earlier one) in a couple of minutes from the European model coming out milder in week 1!

We're into week 2 right now and have bounced back a bit with some colder days.

0z Euro ended up at -5 HDDs vs the 12z run, 12 hours earlier.

By metmike - Nov. 22, 2022, 11:31 a.m.
Like Reply

Early December Forecasts Seen Trending Milder as Natural Gas Futures Pare Gains

 Natural gas futures pared their recent gains in early trading Tuesday as updated forecasts showed less cold reaching the eastern Lower 48 in early December. Coming off a 47.3 cent rally in the previous session, the December Nymex contract was off 15.8 cents to $6.618/MMBtu at around 8:45 a.m. ET. The factors driving Monday’s price… 


NO! The 6z GFS(well before this story) was a whopping +11 HDDs vs the previous one!

By metmike - Nov. 22, 2022, 3:39 p.m.
Like Reply
By metmike - Nov. 22, 2022, 7:50 p.m.
Like Reply

Natural Gas Futures Inch Ahead as Russia’s Threat Amplifies Europe’s Thirst for U.S. LNG; Cash Prices Fall

 Following a 47.3-cent rally a day earlier, natural gas futures advanced a little further on Tuesday as weather forecasts, while mixed, favored solid demand ahead and Russia injected a fresh dose of uncertainty into the global supply picture. The December Nymex gas futures contract settled at $6.779/MMBtu, up three-tenths of a cent day/day. January rose… 


Models are flip flopping with slight changes meaning huge HDD changes from a steep temperature gradient from northwest-cold to southeast-warm. This is actually close to the the La Nina analog. More week 2 maps are gaining a colder look to them. 

By WxFollower - Nov. 23, 2022, 3:26 a.m.
Like Reply

NG rose steadily and strongly from 10:15 PM to 2:15 AM CST. This may be largely due to colder 0Z GEFS and EE though I'd defer to Mike on this.

 After holding up well, there was an even steeper rise 6:30AM-8AM CST. From the best I can tell, the 6Z GEFS continued the colder trend. We'll see if Mike agrees.

 Edit: The EIA was -80, bearish vs the WSJ average survey guess of -89. NG knee jerked down 17 cents within just 3-4 minutes of the 11AM CST release.

By metmike - Nov. 23, 2022, 12:34 p.m.
Like Reply

You nailed it, Larry!

0z GFS was +7 HDDs, (Euro +8 HDDs) followed by 6z GFS of +6 more HDDs.


NAO and AO forecast crashing lower in the last day vs previous forecast.

Arctic Oscillation Index, North Atlantic Oscillation Index, Pacific North American Index.

Ensemble Mean AO Outlook

Ensemble Mean NAO Outlook

By metmike - Nov. 23, 2022, 3:09 p.m.
Like Reply

Season’s First Storage Withdrawal Provides Bullish Support for Surging Natural Gas Futures

 The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) reported a withdrawal of 80 Bcf natural gas into storage for the week ended Nov. 18. The result came in slightly lighter than market expectations. Still, it was much steeper than the five-year average and supported already lofty Nymex natural gas futures. “We are clearly well into the heating… 


  ‹ See All Natural Gas Reports

Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report

 for week ending November 18, 2022   |  Released: November 23, 2022 at 12:00 p.m.   |  Next Release: December 1, 2022 

                                                                                                                                                                            -80 BCF bearish vs expectations but models turning much colder.                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

Working gas in underground storage, Lower 48 states Summary text CSV JSN
  Historical Comparisons
billion cubic feet (Bcf)
 Year ago
5-year average
Region11/18/2211/11/22net changeimplied flow  Bcf% change Bcf% change
East866  882  -16  -16   891  -2.8  883  -1.9  
Midwest1,063  1,084  -21  -21   1,068  -0.5  1,061  0.2  
Mountain203  208  -5  -5   210  -3.3  210  -3.3  
Pacific232  241  -9  -9   262  -11.5  289  -19.7  
South Central1,200  1,228  -28  -28   1,196  0.3  1,160  3.4  
   Salt318  327  -9  -9   337  -5.6  317  0.3  
   Nonsalt882  901  -19  -19   859  2.7  843  4.6  
Total3,564  3,644  -80  -80   3,626  -1.7  3,603  -1.1  

Totals  may not equal sum of components because of independent rounding.


Working gas in storage was 3,564 Bcf as of Friday, November 18, 2022, according to EIA estimates. This represents  a net decrease of 80 Bcf from the previous week. Stocks were 62 Bcf less than last year at this time and 39 Bcf below the five-year average of 3,603 Bcf. At 3,564 Bcf, total working gas is  within the five-year historical range.

 For information on sampling error in this report, see Estimated Measures of Sampling Variability table below. 

 Working Gas in Underground Storage Compared with Five-Year Range


This link not updated with the correct forecast

By metmike - Nov. 23, 2022, 3:16 p.m.
Like Reply

12z GFS was -3 HDDs and Euro -5 HDDs but the market it on to the pattern change to much colder in week 2 and beyond and doesn't care about run to run fluctuations in HDDs that are mostly tied to a specific location of a particular air mass farther north or farther south during a particular time frame.

The overall pattern, trend and indices are all COLDER

By metmike - Nov. 23, 2022, 11:40 p.m.
Like Reply

Natural Gas Futures, Spot Prices Pop on Wintry Weather Outlook, Storage Withdrawal

 Natural gas futures flew ahead Wednesday, rallying a third consecutive day on festering worries about a railroad strike, expectations for blasts of cold in the month ahead and the first storage withdrawal of the season. Prices also advanced in Europe and Asia over the past week, reflecting Russia-imposed supply concerns and continued strong demand for… 


Down -1,500 this evening with no changes in the weather.

By WxFollower - Nov. 25, 2022, 2:01 p.m.
Like Reply

NG has had a large drop (6.5%) over the last two hours (11AM-1PM CST). Was this due to warmer 12Z GEFS followed by a warmer 12Z Euro operational? Did they both have a large HDD drop vs their respective prior runs?

Edit at 1:20 PM CST:

1. I just realized NG closed early (12:45 PM). So, that 6.5% drop was during 11AM-12:45PM).

2. I looked at a free site that has 2m enter temperature anomalies (not HDDs) and can see clearly that the 6Z GEFS late week two was much colder than the 0Z, which looks like it helped lead to a significant rise in NG 5-6:15 AM.

3. That same site tells me that the 12Z GEFS was much warmer than the 6Z.

By metmike - Nov. 25, 2022, 3:04 p.m.
Like Reply

That's exactly right, Larry!

The  GEFS model has been extremely jumpy, to use your word awhile back.

These were the HDDs for the last 4 runs:

18z- 291




These were the HDDs from the European model.




So if the market had stayed open longer, we likely would have seen some sort of a strong bounce/recovering because the colder EE came out AFTER the close, while the much less cold GEFS came out BEFORE the close. 


By WxFollower - Nov. 25, 2022, 3:52 p.m.
Like Reply

 Thanks, Mike. The GEFS did tend to be jumpier than the EPS from one run to the next in terms of HDDs back when I was following it closely. I agree with you that a decent bounce would very likely have occurred had the market had normal hours based on the HDDs you provided for the 12Z EE vs its earlier runs since unlike the 12Z GEFS it wasn't warmer than its prior run.

 So, 12Z GEFS 273 vs 12Z EE at 251. I realize that the EE is one day shorter. So, taking that into account, the 12Z EE's 251 seems to be pretty comparable to the 12Z/0Z GEFS' 273/276 while it is warmer than the 6Z/18Z GEFS' 290/291. So, based strictly on the EE fwiw, the colder 6Z/18Z GEFS runs are less credible than the milder 12Z/0Z GEFS. Mike, what do you think?

By metmike - Nov. 25, 2022, 4:03 p.m.
Like Reply

I should have mentioned that you used that word to describe the GFS OPERATIONAL model and it couldn't be more appropriate!

Here's what the last 4 solutions showed for that model.

256, 260, 252 and 205 HDDs.  A drop of 47 HDDs in one model run!!!

By metmike - Nov. 25, 2022, 4:26 p.m.
Like Reply

The maps, solutions and indices look pretty cold to me, Larry. I haven't a had a position over a weekend in........I don't remember the last time and this would be the least likely.

As noted from that last GEFS, the extremely tight temp gradient, means that small shifts in the physical location of it will pan out to huge double digit, multi day temperature changes in some locations where the gradient it steepest:

AO/NAO solidly negative.

The low skill week 3-4 forecast just out. I note that they are not weighting the MJO signal with any significance. Very steep temp gradient from north/northwest to south/southeast.

Week 3-4 Outlooks - Temperature Probability

I don't get some of the guidance they mentioned in updated fashion but this was the last CFS for the period below:

It shows the extreme temp gradient. Much above temps to the southeast, Much below to the northwest. Since this is weeks 3-4, it's nothing to have it shift in 1 direction by 1,000 miles. When that happens, you get a situation like the last GFS operational model of -47 HDDs in just 1 model run(only that is over the more skillful weeks 1-2 using a crappy model)

The same thing happens to the best models in weeks 3-4, real quickly on a frequent basis because all the models are crappy beyond week 2(as you've reminded us of several times)

By metmike - Nov. 27, 2022, 6:59 p.m.
Like Reply

New weather discussion here:

NGZ, the front month expires tomorrow. I note that volume is more than 3 times greater for the F/Jan contract. Actually, the difference is usually greater than that this close to expiration. 

NG came out with a 1,000 spike higher after the open but has drifted off the highs for Dec and is close to the lows for the Jan.

NGZ spiked almost  -5,000 in the last 90 minutes of low volume trading on Fri that featured an early close. The GFS was MUCH milder but that was quite a drop.